Ship anchoring is a common method of parking. The process is roughly as follows: The anchor connected by the anchor chain or the anchor cable is thrown into the water and landed in the soil, and the grip generated by the anchor is consolidated with the bottom of the water, and the ship is firmly tied in the predetermined position, according to Different waters, meteorological conditions, operational requirements, and anchor throwing methods are different. Commonly used methods include first anchor, tail anchor, and head and tail anchor. The anchorage of the bow has two types: single anchor and double anchor.
1, the bow of the anchor
The bow is anchored, and there are two types of throwing single anchors and double anchors. Under normal circumstances, only a single anchor can be used to fasten the vessel. Only when the wind and waves are particularly large and the anchorage is large and narrow, the double anchor is thrown. When the bow is anchored, the hull is subjected to the least external forces such as wind, water flow and wave impact. Therefore, this method is the main way of anchoring and anchoring, and it is also the main reason why the main anchor is placed at the bow. Usually only a first anchor is provided on the ship and on the fishing boat. In addition, any ship is equipped with two main anchors on the bow of the ship. When the length of the ship reaches a certain level, an alternate main anchor, also known as a wind-resistant anchor, should be provided on the ship.
2, the stern anchor
The stern anchor is mostly used for inland river boats and landing boats. When the river trade vessel berths downstream to the water, in order to ensure safety and avoid turning the head, the stern anchoring is often used. In the operation of landing the ship back to the beach, with the cooperation of the host, relying on the pull of the anchor machine to pull the ship on the beach to the beach.
3, the first tail of the anchor
If you want to make the ship that is parked always on the side of the ship, facing the wind direction, the first and last anchoring method is adopted. The method of first and last anchoring is generally to throw the main anchor from the direction of the top wind, and a cable is connected from the stern of the ship to the main anchor chain that has been thrown out of the ship's outboard, and then some main anchor chains are released. Another method Yes, after the first anchor is thrown, the tail anchor is thrown from the tail. The tail anchor is usually carried out by a small boat, and the tail anchor is generally smaller than the main anchor, which is about 1/3 of the main anchor.
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